El Boeing 737 MAX (también comercializado bajo denominaciones técnicas, como en el caso del modelo Boeing 737-8200) [2] [3] [4] es una familia de aviones de pasajeros desarrollada por el fabricante aeronáutico estadounidense Boeing Commercial Airplanes a partir de la familia Boeing 737 Next Generation para competir con la familia Airbus A320neo. These are the MAX-7, MAX-8 and the MAX-9. All Nippon Airways was the launch customer for the -700ER. The wheels do not have a door to close over them. Oct 19, 2017 - Explore Alfonso Saavedra's board "BOEING 737", followed by 105 people on Pinterest. The 737 is the best-selling jet airliner in history. In 1968, Boeing improved the thrust reverser. [34] The variant still sees regular service through North American charter operators such as Sierra Pacific. This was in 1970. 30 de agosto - A Boeing apresenta a nova família 737 MAX (737-7, 737-8 e 737-9), versões atualizadas do 737 NG de um corredor só, com motores mais econômicos no consumo de combustível. 8 de março - A Agência Federal de Aviação (FAA) dos Estados Unidos certifica o 737 MAX 8. Dati estratti da 737-boeing.com voci di aerei civili presenti su Wikipedia Il Boeing 737 è un aereo di linea bireattore, a fusoliera stretta , utilizzato per le rotte a medio-breve raggio, prodotto dall'azienda statunitense Boeing . After 271 aircraft were made at Boeing Field, Boeing moved the 737s to Renton. The legs are covered by partial doors, and "brush-like" seals aerodynamically smooth (or "fair") the wheels in the wells. If there is no damage, the plane can be put back into service. ", "737 decision may slip to 2011: Credit Suisse. If the hydraulics or both engines fail, servo tabs will be automatically used. It competed primarily with MD-80, later its derivative MD-90 and the newcomer Airbus A320 family. [180] Similar rudder issues led to a temporary loss of control on at least five other 737 flights before the problem was ultimately identified. They were changed into cargo planes by the airlines that owned them. On December 16, 2019, Boeing announced that it would suspend production of the 737 MAX from January 2020.[82]. Con máis de 7000 unidades vendidas, é o avión para transporte de pasaxeiros máis producido da historia. Boeing 767 = 5.200 kgs/h [121] This has been raised as a safety issue because of the impracticality of duplicating such a mechanical cable-based system in the way that an electrical or electronic system can be. The fourth generation 737 MAX series, launched August 2011. The P-8 can be operated in the anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-surface warfare (ASUW), and shipping interdiction roles. The first "Original" generation: the 737-100 and -200, also the military T-43 and C-43, launched February 1965. All these changes meant that the 737 could hold more cargo and fly further. The 737 MAX family is designed to offer the greatest flexibility, reliability and efficiency in the single-aisle market. After the Boeing 737 Next Generation planes were brought into service, Boeing named the 737-300/-400/-500s the 737 Classic series. [7] 25% of the world's jet airliners are Boeing 737s. The first BBJ2 was delivered on February 28, 2001. In this mode, the servo tabs aerodynamically control the elevators and ailerons; these servo tabs are in turn controlled by cables running to the control yoke. [127] The next generation 737, 737 MAX, will feature an Advanced Technology (AT) Winglet that is produced by Boeing. The 737-400 was launched in 1985 to fill the gap between the 737-300 and the 757-200. It is based on earlier 737 designs, with more efficient CFM International LEAP-1B engines, aerodynamic changes including its distinctive split-tip winglets, and airframe modifications. They proved to be relatively ineffective and tended to lift the aircraft up off the runway when deployed. ", "Boeing 737-900ER Technical Information. Two additional aircraft were delivered to the Colorado Air National Guard at Buckley ANGB (later Buckley AFB) and Peterson AFB, Colorado, in direct support of cadet air navigation training at the nearby U.S. Air Force Academy. MTOW, Sea Level, International Standard Atmosphere, "German Airline Buys 21 Boeing Short-Range Jets.". [11], On April 5, 1965, Boeing announced that United Airlines had ordered 40 737s. The -100/200 original variants were powered by Pratt & Whitney JT8D low-bypass engines and offered seating for 85 to 130 passengers. [16] On December 15, 1967 the Federal Aviation Administration said that the -100 was allowed to fly with passengers. Since the engine is close to the ground, it is possible that they can be damaged by things lying on the ground. This means that the plane can fly further than a normal 737-700. The last -400 was delivered to CSA Czech Airlines. Every airplane will feature the new Boeing Sky Interior, highlighted by modern sculpted sidewalls and window reveals, LED lighting that enhances the sense … The MAX 8, the first variant of the 737 MAX, has a longer fuselage than the MAX 7. This meant that the wheels were not being pushed down onto the ground very much, which made the brakes less useful. [76] The 737-300 series was made until 1999. [45][46][47][48][49][50], Since 2006, Boeing has been thinking about replacing the 737 with a completely new design. The A320 was developed to compete also with the McDonnell Douglas MD-80/90 and 95 series; the 95 later becoming the Boeing 717. An additional pair of exit doors and a flat rear pressure bulkhead increased its seating capacity to 180 passengers in a two-class and up to 220 passengers in a one-class configuration. [20] [30] The 737-200 Advanced became the production standard in June 1971. The flight deck was given modern electronics (called avionics). [36] The -600, -700, -800, and -900 models are all part of the 737 Next Generation program. [39][40][41] However, this total includes sales for the A321 and A318. The Bombardier CSeries will also be a rival. But even if deliveries resume this year, it expects airline customers to take only about half of the stored jets by the end of 2021. The MAX-7 will replace the 737-700, the MAX-8 will replace the 737-800 and the MAX-9 will replace the 737-900ER. At first, Boeing was making it to be a shorter, cheaper airliner than its 707 and 727. The Boeing 737 is a twin jet narrow-body airliner built by Boeing. [1][73] Many 737-200s are still used by airlines. Boeing establece rangos máximos de 6100, 7900, 7700 y 7260 millas respectivamente para cada modelo de 747. Seating is as follows: A319: 141. [93] This is a list of how many planes have been built for each type of 737. [183], Following the crashes of two 737 MAX 8 aircraft, Lion Air Flight 610 in October 2018 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 in March 2019, which caused 346 deaths, national aviation authorities around the world grounded the 737 MAX series. The wingtip was extended 9 in (23 cm), and the wingspan by 1 ft 9 in (53 cm). [96] 4,236 people have died because of these crashes. [50] This first major upgrade series was later renamed to the 737 Classic series. Boeing began designing the 737 in 1964. [167] As of November 2020[update], 14,668 units of the Boeing 737 family had been ordered, with 4,082 units to be delivered, or 3,333 when including "additional criteria for recognizing contracted backlog with customers beyond the existence of a firm contract" (ASC 606 Adjustment). Developed to supplement the Boeing 727 on short and thin routes, the twinjet retains the 707 fuselage cross-section and nose with two underwing turbofans. On July 20, 2011, Boeing announced plans for a third major upgrade and respectively fourth generation of 737 series to be powered by the CFM LEAP-1B engine, with American Airlines intending to order 100 of these aircraft. [179], During the 1990s, a series of rudder issues on series -200 and -300 aircraft resulted in multiple incidents. On average, a 737 takes off or lands every five seconds. [75], The 737-300 was brought into service in 1981. In 1970, Boeing only got 37 orders for 737s. [58], 737s do not have fuel dump systems. The last of what was known as the 737 Classic series was a Boeing 737-400 (OK-FGS, L/N 3132), delivered to CSA Czech Airlines on 25 February 2000. M. Lufthansa Boeing 737-500 JC Wings: XX2379 € 62.25 Future release 1:200. [51], The wing also incorporated changes for improved aerodynamics. The 737-500 was replaced by the 737-600 of the Next Generation series, though the -600 was not as successful in total orders as the -500. [32], Boeing made a 737-500 because its customers wanted one. It was a modern, complete replacement of the 737-200. Altre modifiche di progettazione sono i LED di atterraggio, le luci della fase di rullaggio e un vano elettronico ridisegnato. It was used by both US Airways and Southwest Airlines. ", "Boeing Delivers First 737 with Enhanced Short Runway Package to GOL", "US Marine Corps looks to buy two C-40 executive transports", "Boeing Business Jets Launches New Family Member", "Boeing delivers first 737-800BCF to West Atlantic", "Boeing to launch 737 freighter conversion program", "Boeing positioned to narrow market share gap", "Historical Orders and Deliveries 1974–2009", "Boeing looks to sell more 737-based military jets", "6,000 and counting for Boeing's popular little twinjet", "Boeing's 737 Turns 8,000: The Best-Selling Plane Ever Isn't Slowing", "Boeing shelves plans for 737 replacement", "Bombardier's Win May Prod Airbus, Boeing to Upgrade Engines", "FlightGlobal airliner census reveals fleet developments", "A320's order total overtakes 737's as Max crisis persists", "Commercial : Boeing Orders and Deliveries", International Civil Aviation Organization, "Boeing Conducts Successful First Flight of Australia's 737 Airborne Early Warning & Control Aircraft", "Boeing Completes Successful 737 MAX First Flight", "Boeing had more cancellations than orders in 2019 as 737 Max crisis deepens", "Boeing posts negative commercial airplane orders in 2019 for first time in decades", "Statistical Summary of Commercial Jet Airplane Accidents – Accident Rates by Airplane Type", "Report says Boeing 737 rudder problems linger", "Airframe Dossier - Boeing 737-281, c/n 20561, c/r LV-WTX", "CC-CSK Aerolineas Del Sureste Boeing 737-200", "Trasladaron el Boeing 737-200 al motel en Concón (Actualizado con fotos)", "WestJet donates 737-200 aircraft to BCIT Aerospace", "C-GWJT WestJet Boeing 737-200 - cn 21262 / 470", "N29SW Ryan International Airlines Boeing 737-200 - cn 21340 / 499", "N740AS Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-200 - cn 22578 / 767", "ROYAL THAI AIR FORCE MUSEUM, DON MUEANG", "60201 Royal Thai Air Force Boeing 737-200 - cn 23059 / 980", "Boeing 737-301 - Institute of Technical Education - ITE", "Civilian Aviation • Home to the Civil Aviation Enthusiast • View topic - G-CELS Boeing 737-300", "Boeing 737 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "737 MAX Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "Boeing 737-100/200 Technical data & specifications", "Boeing revises "obsolete" performance assumptions", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boeing_737&oldid=993856353, Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2019, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from March 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A Boeing 737-200, the first mass-produced 737 model, in operation with, Mach 0.745–Mach 0.82 (430–473 kn; 796–876 km/h) Cruise—MMO, *Overlapping production times like between the 747-400 and the 747-8 have been decided in favor of newer models. The -500 has faced accelerated retirement due to its smaller size, after 21 years in service compared to 24 years for the -300. [58] The last two -400s, i.e. The 737-200 Advanced can also fly further than the 737-200. The 747–8 is about 20% more efficient than the 747–400. Its pilot was Jim McRoberts. Boeing also improved the flaps. There are two on each side. The 737 Classic series featured CFM56 high bypass turbofan engines, which yielded significant gains in fuel economy and a reduction in noise over the JT8D low bypass engines used on the 737 Original series (−100 and −200), but also posed an engineering challenge given the low ground clearance of the Boeing 737 family. [42] In late 1993, after engineering trade studies and discussions with major customers, Boeing proceeded to launch the third derivative of the Boeing 737, the 737 Next Generation (NG) -600/700/800/900 series. A fuel dump system is a system which gets rid of any unneeded fuel if the aircraft needs to make an emergency landing while it still has a lot of fuel on board. The MAX 8 replaced the 737-800 and competed with the A320neo. It is forbidden to operate without the caps, because they are linked to the ground speed sensor that interfaces with the anti-skid brake system. The flaps on the wings were changed. It made its first flight on April 9, 1967. [35] Piedmont Airlines was the launch customer. Engineer Joe Sutter relocated the engines to the wings, lightening the wing structure and simplifying the accommodation of six-abreast seating in the fuselage. On average, there are always 1,250 737s flying. [158] The 10,000th 737 was ordered in July 2012,[159] and rolled out on March 13, 2018, as over 4,600 orders were pending. Designs from the Boeing 777 were used to design the cabin for the Next Generation 737. [1][73], The 737-400F was a 737-400 changed into a cargo plane. [147] However, in July 2017, Airbus had still 1,350 more A320neo orders than Boeing had for the 737 MAX. [40] Produced from 1984 to 2000, a total of 1,988 Classic series were delivered.[41]. The tabs are controlled by the yoke (the thing used to steer the plane). This was the 1,095th 737-200 built. The first generation Original series 737 cabin was replaced for the second generation Classic series with a design based on the Boeing 757 cabin. O Boeing 737 MAX é uma aeronave de fuselagem estreita, bimotora e turbofan desenvolvida e produzida pela Boeing como a quarta geração da família 737, sendo o sucessor do Boeing 737 Next Generation.Ele é baseado no projeto do 737 anterior, com os motores mais eficientes CFM International LEAP-1B, melhorias aerodinâmicas (incluindo winglets de ponta dupla) e modificações na fuselagem. 737-500 FF 30 Jun 1989 388 Built, 199 In service. [84], In July 2008, Delta Air Lines got the first -700 that had Messier-Bugatti's carbon brakes.[64]. However, airlines could choose not to have these in their planes. [24] The improved version, the 737-200 Advanced, was introduced into service by All Nippon Airways on May 20, 1971.[25]. It also has redesigned windows. [80] As of January 2019[update], the series has received 5,011 firm orders. 1,988 aircraft were delivered in that time. It could carry 10 pallets of cargo. [129] Continental Airlines,[131][132] Alaska Airlines,[133] Malaysia Airlines,[134] and TUIFly have also received Sky Interior-equipped 737s. 737 Next Generation: 737-600, 737-700, 737-800, 737-900 737 MAX: 737-7, 737-8, 737-9. Boeing will make three types of 737 MAX. It has the body of a 737-700, but the wings and landing gear of a 737-800. The 737 is used by more than 500 airlines. It is also fitted with auxiliary belly fuel tanks and winglets. It evolved through four generations, offering several variants for 85 to 215 passengers. Many changes were made to the wings. [1][32], Nineteen 737-200s, designated T-43, were used to train aircraft navigators for the U.S. Air Force. Luego de que a principios de esta semana se conociera un cronograma preliminar para la reincorporación del Boeing 737 MAX a la flota de Aeroméxico, la compañía confirmó de manera oficial esta información a través de un comunicado de prensa. ", "Continental Airlines Is First North American Carrier to Fly With Boeing's New Sky Interior. Over 4,500 are still being used by airlines. este é meu boeing 737-800 da gol.eu mesmo que fiz! The engines' accessory gearbox was moved from the 6 o'clock position under the engine to the 4 o'clock position (from a front/forward looking aft perspective). ", "Check Out Boeing's Swanky New High-Tech Interior. The 737-900ER (Extended Range) is the newest and largest variant of the 737NG generation. ", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boeing_737&oldid=7024531, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2012, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, A Boeing 737-200, the first mass-produced 737 model, in operation with. They also moved some parts of the engine, which would normally go on the bottom, to the sides. The 737-900ER is the newest and biggest Boeing 737. [36][38] A, Boeing delivered the 5,000th 737 to Southwest Airlines on February 13, 2006. The 737-200 is a 737-100 with a larger fuselage. As of December 2012[update], over 10,400 Boeing 737s have been ordered. This side-mounted gearbox gives the engine a somewhat rounded triangular shape. Its main rival is the A319. Many different changes were made. [113] With modern avionics, the windows became redundant, and many pilots actually placed newspapers or other objects in them to block out sun glare. The newest cabin design is called the Sky Interior. [65], How the cabin looks was changed in each different type of 737 (Classic and Next Generation). Boeing changed the name of the original 737 to the 737-100. ", "History & Development of the Boeing 737 - Classics. The 737 Next Generation is made up of the -600, -700, -800, and -900ER models. [51] The tailfin was redesigned, the flight deck was improved with the optional EFIS (Electronic Flight Instrumentation System), and the passenger cabin incorporated improvements similar to those developed on the Boeing 757. There is a large door on the left side of the aircraft. The 6,000th 737 was delivered to Norwegian Air Shuttle in April 2009. (Project 2A2H). [22], The -200 was rolled out on June 29, 1967 and had its maiden flight on August 8, 1967. Giving a length of 36.45m (119ft 7in). They have been made since 1996 by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.All 737s are twin-engined, narrow-body airliners. The first aircraft was delivered to Scandinavian Airlines on September 18, 1998. Le compagnie espressero anche il desiderio che la cabina di pilotaggio del nuovo aereo fosse compatibile con quella della generazione precedente. The -800 seats 162 passengers in a two-class or 189 passengers in a high-density, one-class layout. 738: 186. The 737-100 prototype is in the Museum of Flight in Seattle.[36]. The number of passengers it can carry ranges from 85 to 215. It entered service in 1968. Questi nuovi motori, certificati dalla FAA nel 1996 per una spinta di circa 12 mila chili (26.400 libbre), sono caratterizzati dal basso consumo di carburante e dai ridotti costi di manutenzione. [90] Lion Air and others have made orders for 737 MAX planes. É o único avião narrowbody (corredor único) da Boeing em produção, nas versões -700, -800 e -900. The 737 represents more than 25% of the worldwide fleet of large commercial jet airliners.[154][155]. El regulador europeo de seguridad aérea espera autorizar vuelos del Boeing 737 Max en enero, ha dicho este sábado Patrick Ky, director ejecutivo de la EASA. The first thrust reversers on the 737 were not very good. However, because autopilot, advanced radar etc. Boeing 737 je úzkotrupé dvoumotorové proudové dopravní letadlo pro krátké a střední vzdálenosti. In fact, what started with the finding in a single plane has led to the discovery of similar cracking in other aircraft.International Lease Finance Corporation placed an order for 33 737-800 aircrafts in March 2011. An optional Enhanced Short Runway Package was developed for use on short runways. The 737-300 was replaced by the 737-700 of the Next Generation series. The 737 Classic planes also had some improvements made to the wings. It filled also the gap left by Boeing's decision to discontinue the MD-80 and MD-90 aircraft, following Boeing's merger with McDonnell Douglas. These are Original, Classic and Next Generation. It was then certified by the FAA on December 21, 1967. All these changes gave the aircraft a boost to payload and range, and improved short-field performance. The main cabin was also improved. The Boeing 737 Original is the name given to the -100/200 and -200 Advanced series of the Boeing 737 family. Launch customer Hapag-Lloyd Flug (now TUIfly) received the first one in April 1998. WestJet was to launch the 737-600 with winglets, but dropped them in 2006. [1] The 737-600 replaced the 737-500 and is similar to the Airbus A318. The Aerolíneas Argentinas Boeing 737 MAX 8 seats 170 passengers and is capable of flying 3,515 nautical miles (6,510 kilometers). Olason, M.L. These are smaller windows which are above the main windows. On April 5, 1965, Boeing announced an order by United Airlines for 40 737s. [53] On August 30, 2011, Boeing said that a new 737 would definitely be launched. The Boeing 737 Next Generation, abbreviated as 737 Next Gen or 737NG, is the name given to the main models -600/700/800/900 series and the extended range -700ER/900ER variants of the Boeing 737 family. It was the highest-selling commercial aircraft until being surpassed by the competing Airbus A320 family in October 2019, but maintaining the record in total deliveries. [88][89] The 737 MAX 7 replaced the 737-700 and was predicted to carry 12 more passengers and fly 400 nmi (740 km) farther than Airbus A319neo with 7% lower operating costs per seat.[90]. Informally referred to as the Gator (an abbreviation of "navigator") and "Flying Classroom", nineteen of these aircraft were delivered to the Air Training Command at Mather AFB, California during 1973 and 1974. The principle features of the Sky Interior include: sculpted sidewalls, redesigned window housings, increased headroom and LED mood lighting,[129][130] larger pivot-bins based on the 777 and 787 designs and generally more luggage space,[130] and claims to have improved cabin noise levels by 2–4 dB. [59][60], Engines on the 737 Classic series (300, 400, 500) and Next Generation series (600, 700, 800, 900) are not shaped like a circle like most planes. It was first used by an airline in February 1968. Depending upon the nature of the emergency, 737s either circle to burn off fuel or land overweight. [11] They ordered 21 aircraft, worth $67 million[12] (1965, $190.28 million in 2008). The 747 and 777 are two different animals. Both glass and older-style mechanical cockpits arrangements were available. SAS operates the 319/320/321 and 737-600/700/800. [30] The 737-400 made the fuselage even bigger (by 10 ft (3.0 m)). [95] 159 of these have been "hull loss accidents". [62][63], As of July 2008[update] the 737 has carbon brakes. [71] The -200 Advanced has many improvements. the last 737 Classics series, were delivered to CSA Czech Airlines on February 28, 2000. This was because the 737's wings were not very high above the ground, and the CFM56 had a bigger diameter than the original engines.